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Understanding the strains used in Medical Cannabis is really important in the patients treatment. Sativa and indica are different species of cannabis, both with distinct properties and experiences. Sativa strains usually have a higher THC to CBD ratio, while Indica strains usually have a lower THC to CBD ratio. This results in distinctly different effects and experiences so its crucial when choosing your medicine. Make sure to buy products from a strain that will produce the symptom relief you are looking for.


Sativas strains are known for their invigorating mental effects. The uplifting, cerebral effects of the sativas make these strains ideal for social gatherings and creative pursuits like music, art and writing.

Sativas tend to be tall and gangly, with skinnier leaves. Originating in the sunny climates of Southeast Asia, Central America, and Mexico, these plants are sun-worshippers. They regularly grow between eight and 12 feet tall, but in optimal conditions outdoors, 18-foot monsters aren’t unheard of.

Sativa is the expresso of marijuana, with an energetic, stimulating, and uplifting effect. It makes sativa strains the best choice for battling fatigue and depression or day time pain relief. Be careful not to use a sativa dominant strain at night because it’s likely to keep you up.


Indicas are known for their physically sedating effect. Some stoners use the mnemonic, “in da couch,” referring to the well-known body high of strong indica strains that make a person want to sink into their couch. Indicas are ideal for relaxing with a movie or music in the evening as a way to unwind after a long day’s work or as a relaxing interlude before bed. 

Plants tend to be short, squat, and bushy. The leaves are plump and the foliage is dense. Indica plants are also excellent producers of hash, and that’s no accident. They were undoubtedly bred that way, as hashish is the preferred method of cannabis consumption in much of the area from which they sprang.


Over time growers have produced a plethora of new strains, known as hybrids, by cross breeding indica and sativa species together. They are usually described as indica-dominant, sativa-dominant, or pure hybrid (50/50). You can expect an indica dominant strain to have the typical indica effects and vice versa, but each may also have some qualities of the other. 

 Patients report using Blue Dream for daytime anxiety control. Indica-dominant hybrid Cookies can help manage body pain, patients report. Sativa-dominant hybrid Super Lemon Haze is sought after by some to lift mood and manage depression. Each hybrid strain has slightly a different chemotype and thus, slightly different effects, depending on a person’s chemistry.