ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, is a rare neurological condition in which the long motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord progressively stop functioning and die. The associated voluntary muscles waste away, causing debilitating symptoms such as pain, cramps, rigidity, muscle spasm, inflammation, and eventually paralysis.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder that can occur in people who have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event such as a natural disaster, a serious accident, a terrorist act, war/combat, rape or other violent personal assault. PTSD patients describe having intense, disturbing thoughts and feelings related to their experience.
Cancer is a genetic disease (meaning that it’s caused by changes to genes that control the way our cells function, grow, and divide). It is a group of diseases in which mutant cells multiply, eventually interfering with the natural functions of the body. According to the National Cancer Institute, approximately 38.4% of men and women will be diagnosed with cancer at some point during their lifetime.There are currently over 100 known forms of cancer.
HIV is a virus that attacks cells in the bodies immune system, which is our body’s natural defence against illness. The virus destroys T-helper cell or CD4, a type of white blood cell in the immune system, and makes copies of itself inside these cells. Patients with AIDS are extremely susceptible to severe illnesses, known as opportunistic infections.
Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that can affect any part of the digestive tract, but often occurs at the end of the small intestine and in the bowel. Inflammation often spreads deep into the layers of affected bowel tissue, and can lead to serious complications such as intestinal blockages, ulcers, and fistulas.
Chronic pain is defined as pain that lasts at least 12 weeks. The pain may feel sharp or dull, causing a burning or aching sensation in the affected areas. It may be steady or intermittent, coming and going without any apparent reason. Chronic pain can occur in nearly any part of your body.
Epilepsy is a chronic and debilitating condition characterized by recurrent, unprovoked seizures. Seizures result from a bursts of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Experts do not know why or how this occurs. Approximately 50% of epilepsy cases can be linked to brain tumors, cancer, stroke , and/or some other injury to the brain.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease of the central nervous system in which the immune system incorrectly attacks nerve tissue in the brain and spinal cord, resulting in slurred speech, blurred vision, tremors, paralysis, and spasticity.
Glaucoma is a diseases that damages the optic nerve, a cable that carries visual information from the eye to the brain. It is the second most common cause of blindness in the world. In open-angle glaucoma, the most common form of the disease, fluid passing through the anterior chamber drains too slowly, leading to increased intraoccular pressure (IOP).